“A generation ago, teachers could expect that what they taught would last their students a lifetime. Today, because of rapid economic and social change, schools have to prepare students for jobs that have not yet been created, technologies that have not yet been invented and problems that we don’t yet know will arise.” An international project concerned with the assessment and teaching of 21st century skills [Griffin et al 2012] identifies the changes in educational focus needed to prepare learners for the modern world, under four categories:
- Ways of thinking: including creativity, innovation, critical thinking, problem-solving, decision-making and learning how to learn
- Ways of working: including new forms of collaboration and communication
- Tools for working: including developing information literacy and the capacity to harness the potential of new technologies
Skills for living in the world: involving the development of local and global awareness, and personal and social responsibility.